Thursday, July 29, 2010

Problem-Based Learning

Problem-Based Learning
ID in e-Language Development


1. Mohd Faiz bin Mohamad Gani

2. Muhamad Hafiz bin Mohd Bakri

3. Muhammad Syafik bin Ab Rahman

4. Muhammad Iskandar Zulkarnain bin Yalal

Task #1

Brainstorm on the title of your MIP

1. Gamelan

2. Zapin

3. Wau

4. Congkak

5. Kerabu Rice



a. Target group
• Teenagers (UiTM students)

b. Language
• English and malay language

c. Duration
• 1 hours/day

d. Resources
• through the recording of gamelan practice by students in UiTM at UiTM Culture Unit.

e. Strategies


1. Introduction – text, pictures and video-15 minutes

Based on Gamelan, learners should understand about origin on Gamelan at the end of the lesson.

2. Instruments :

Leaners can recognize the instruments on Gamelan during the lesson.

• Goong - functions
• Kendang- functions
• Kulanter- functions
• Boning- functions
• Gambang- functions
• suling degung- functions
• saron / peking- functions
• panerus- functions
• Jengglong- functions

3. Players - how many?

Learners should know how many players usually take part to play that Gamelan.

4. When Gamelan usually played?

Leaners must understand that Gamelan usually played in different event such as epening ceremony, rituals, convocation and others.

f. Deliverables
- cd rom
- website

g. Cost of production
• RM1000.00


Illustrate your idea through mind maps.

Wednesday, July 21, 2010

Problem-Based Learning ALS480 ID in e-Language Development


1. Mohd Faiz bin Mohamad Gani

2. Muhamad Hafiz bin Mohd Bakri

3. Muhammad Syafik bin Ab Rahman

4. Muhammad Iskandar Zulkarnain bin Yalal

Task #1

Find out types of uncompressed audio formats

An audio file format is a file format for storing audio data on a computer system. It can be a raw bitstream, but it is usually a container format or an audio data format with defined storage layer.

There is one major uncompressed audio format, PCM, which is usually stored as a .wav on Windows or as .aiff on Mac OS. WAV and AIFF are flexible file formats designed to store more or less any combination of sampling rates or bitrates. This makes them suitable file formats for storing and archiving an original recording. There is another uncompressed audio format which is .cda (Audio CD Track) .cda is from a music CD and is 0% compressed.

Uncompressed audio formats is such as WAV, AIFF, AU or raw header-less PCM.

The WAV format, sometimes known as "WAVE," or "Waveform," was developed originally by Microsoft. The WAV format's purpose is to store audio information. WAVs have been used for many years as a way for computer users to have access to certain audio sounds (WAV files).

• WAV files are "lossless" files. This means that the WAV file doesn't lose any of its quality when it is stored.
• WAV files can be considered High Fidelity, where MP3 files cannot.
• WAV files can be edited or they can be manipulated relatively easily. You can even manipulate WAV files with the built-in Windows Sound Recorder.
• WAV files don't have the same sorts of compression rates that MP3 files have.
• WAV file is larger than an MP3 file, taking up much more space on your computer's hard drive.
• WAV files are limited in size to 4 Gigabytes. While this is more than 6 hours of audio, there is no the same limitation with other audio file formats.


Find out types of lossy compression audio formats

Lossy compression is a data encoding method which discards (loses) some of the data, in order to achieve its goal, with the result that decompressing the data yields content that is different from the original, though similar enough to be useful in some way.

Formats with lossy compression is such as MP3, Vorbis, Musepack, AAC, ATRAC and lossy Windows Media Audio (WMA).


• The MP3 has distinct advantages as a digital audio file format. There are actually
• several audio files formats, but the MP3 is one of the most common. For example, if you are ripping (copying) music from a CD, it is usually converted into either an MP3 or an MP4 (for Apple users).
• When you download music from any of the available online media sites, the songs will automatically download as an MP3 or MP4.


Get cda files from your lecturer.

List of cda files

Files Name : BIARKAN, Duration : 4.28, Size : 1 KB

Files Name : BAHASA CINTA, Duration : 4.00, Size : 1 KB

What do I know?

based on what we've learned today is that there is material in the original CD can
not be copied to the computer with ease. even if copied, the copied material such as songs can not be played after the original CD is removed from the computer. this is due to the security natural CD itself is reserved to the original title.

What I need to know?

what we need to know is the original material from the original CD can be copied to the computer and materials or the song can be played using special software. Therefore, this software can change the material or songs that can not be played to be played by changing the CDA to MP3 format.


Convert the above cda files to mp3

Files Name : BIARKAN, Duration : 4.29, Size : 4.10 MB

Files Name : BAHASA CINTA, Duration : 3.55, Size : 3.58 MB

What do I know?

what we know is that after changing CDA to MP3 format, songs that are initially copied from the original CD can not play but have to play even though the CD has been released from the original computer.

What I need to know?

what we need to know is the song that was copied from the original CD was completed with the security aspects that can not be used as a tiruan.tetapi using special software, CDA format can be converted to MP3 format to play on the computer while the CD is the format native dikeluarkan.MP3 the most suitable because it is more readily available at present.

Wednesday, July 14, 2010




Today , I have learn about problem based learning . Problem Based Learning is a student-centered instructional strategy in which students collaboratively solve problems and reflect on their experiences.. There are some of characteristic about PBL as well as learning is driven by challenging, open-ended, ill-defined and ill-structured, practical problems, students generally work in collaborative groups. Problem based learning environments may be designed for individual learningTeachers take on the role as "facilitators" of learning and learners are responsible for their own education which it increasingly capability ownself to develop and applicate their education in real situation.
Through PBL student can learn how to solve skills ,ability to work on a team , leadership skills, communication skills and many others. In group of PBL have three aspect to do as responsibilities, composition and organization. In responsibilities, we learn to schedule group activities,time management and determine learning issues.Composition for group between 5 to 7 students where we have role as project leader ,facilitators, members.Every members have to do identifying learning issues and nees ,responsibility for their own learning and active role in learning. According NASA to solve problem as



Problem-Based Learning meaning is students learn by listening to lectures and reading, and are assessed on their ability to recall and communicate what they have learned. With problem-based learning, students are assessed on their ability to go through a problem solving process. Through this topic, students learn about problem-solving skills, self-directed learning skills, ability to work on a team, leadership skills, communication skills, Measurable knowledge base, Ability to find/use appropriate resources Critical thinking, Performance ability, Social and ethical skills and Proactive thinking Congruence with workplace skills. In fact, on this topic we can analyze the problem of individual and a group.
Reasons for using Problem-Based Learning is low retention when taught in a traditional lecture format (Bok 1989). Infrequent appropriate use of knowledge learned (Schmidt 1983). Conditions that optimize retrieval and appropriate use of knowledge in future professional practice.
According to Schmidt and Moust, "The Seven Jump" method have some of important things among is :
1. Clarify unknown terms and concepts.
2. Define problem(s).
3. Analyze problem.
Step 1:Brainstorm.
4. Analyze problem.
Step 2:Discuss.
5. Formulate learning issues
6. Fill in gaps through self-study.
7. Share findings, integrate into comprehensive explanation. Check whether you know enough now.
Besides that, according to the Classroom of the Future (NASA) is :
1. Read and analyze problem.
2. List what is known.
3. Develop problem statement.
4. List what the group needs to find out.
5. List possible actions.
6. Analyze information.
7. Present findings
Mohd Faiz bin Mohamad Gani
My report
Problem based learning
Today I have learning about a problem based learning. It is part of the subject I learned that call a instructional design. A problem based learning is an exciting alternative to traditional classroom learning. With problem based learning, your teacher presents you with a problem, not lectures or assignments or exercises.Since you are not handed "content", your learning becomes active in the sense that you discover and work with content that you determine to be necessary to solve the problem. Based on this topic we can analysis the problem of individual and a group.
Reason for using problem based learning because its can activation of prior knowledge, similarity of contexts and elaboration. Problem based learning can do in group and individuals. In group we can know our responsibilities, composition and organition some problem. While in individuals, we can know how to generalizations, according to Schmidt and Moust. We also can according to NASA.

Problem based learning is a motivating way to learn as learners are involved in active learning, working with real problems and what they have to learn in their study is seen as important and relevant to their own lives.

My Report

Today, what have I learning is about Prolem-Based Learning (PBL). It is one of the program which is the learners must face with the real problem. It is also one of the process which is the learners should solve the problem by themselves. In fact, the learners which facing with any of the problem, Problem-Based Learning will be a basic for a learner center.
Problem comes with solution. Each of the problem have the different solution or way to solve it. It is because problem is not a shape. So, there are many possible solutions to settle any problems that comes to the students. There also should have their own mentor or teacher to guide them on how to learn the problem-solving skills.
Next, from this PBL, students can learn on how to solve the problem or in other way, it is call the problem-solving skills. Furthermore, students also learn about leadership skills, communication skills, critical thinking and others. In addition, their performance ability also can be improve step by step.
The students can make a group. From this group, they can discuss the problems and find the solutions quickly. Members of the group must arrange the schedule and set their time correctly. They should decide how to use the time.

Wednesday, July 7, 2010

Instructional design - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Instructional design - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: "ADDIE model
Perhaps the most common model used for creating instructional materials is the ADDIE Model. This acronym stands for the 5 phases contained in the model:
Analyze - analyze learner characteristics, task to be learned, etc.
Design - develop learning objectives, choose an instructional approach
Develop - create instructional or training materials
Implement - deliver or distribute the instructional materials
Evaluate - make sure the materials achieved the desired goals
Most of the current instructional design models are variations of the ADDIE model"

Instructional design - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Instructional design - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: "Instructional Design (also called Instructional Systems Design (ISD)) is the practice of maximizing the effectiveness, efficiency and appeal of instruction and other learning experiences."